The proportion of over-59s has been rising sharply since 2006, as the first baby-boom cohorts enter their sixties.
However, this large increase still mainly concerns the 60-64 age group, as the population aged 65 and over is rising by only 0.1 points a year.
The uptrend in births since 2004 has slightly broadened the base of the population pyramid (Figure 1), but the overall population structure continues to age (Appendix Table A.2).
The percentage of under-20s is still declining by 0.1 points a year, reaching 24.4% on 1 January 2010 in metropolitan France.
Appendix Tables A.1 to A.15, updated annually, are... Total growth was therefore slightly weaker than in 2008 (when the population of metropolitan France had risen by 339,000) owing to the conjunction of three somewhat less positive factors: births and estimated net migration registered mild declines of 3,000 and 5,000 respectively, while the number of deaths edged up by 6,000.
France’s population growth remains relatively strong in European terms.
Since 2004, this category essentially consists of citizens of countries outside the European Union.
Citizens of Switzerland and the three non-EU countries... However, for foreigners from the EU, recent flows can now be estimated from the annual census surveys.
Today, however, French population ageing is relatively moderate by comparison with Germany and Italy, where more than one in five inhabitants was aged 65 or over on 1 January 2009 (20.4% and 20.1%, respectively, according to Eurostat), and where the under-20s, at 19% of the total population, are outnumbered by the over-65s.First, French fertility is among the highest in Europe.Second, life expectancy at birth is high – notably for women – and still rising.Respondents who report that they were residing outside France five years earlier are asked to give the year of arrival in France.Based on the answers to this question, it is estimated that an average of 55,000 EU citizens arrive in France every year.In its new population projections, the French National Institute for Statistics and Economic Studies (Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques, INSEE) forecasts a further rapid increase in the population aged 60 and over until around 2035, when all the large cohorts born between 19 will be 60 and older (Blanpain and Chardon, 2010).